Jane Sutherland was an Australian landscape painter who was part of the pioneering plein-air movement in Australia and a member of the Heidelberg School.
About Jane Sutherland
Jane Sutherland (26 December 1853 – 25 July 1928) was an Australian landscape painter who was part of the pioneering plein-air movement in Australia, and a member of the Heidelberg School. Her advocacy to advance the professional standing of female artists during the late nineteenth century was also a notable achievement.
Daughter of George Sutherland (1829-1885), Jane Sutherland was a painter and engraver from a family of diverse artistic talents.
She was born in Scotland and arrived in Australia in 1864.
When she was 26 she was accepted by the prestigious National Gallery School which she attended until 1885. It was here that she struck up friendships with McCubbin and Roberts.
In 1884 she was elected a member of the almost exclusively male Buonarotte Society, a group of young radical artists. It was about this time that she set up and shared a studio with fellow student Clara Southern in the Grosvenor Chambers where Roberts kept a studio.
Sutherland was one of a group of voting painters who escaped the city and the classical influence of the art school by sketching in Melbourne’s outer suburbs, Templestowe and Eaglemont. This group became known as the Heidelberg School.
Arthur Streeton was an Australian landscape painter and leading member of the Heidelberg School, also known as Australian Impressionism.
About Arthur Streeton
Sir Arthur Ernest Streeton (8 April 1867 – 1 September 1943) was an Australian landscape painter and leading member of the Heidelberg School, also known as Australian Impressionism.
Arthur Streeton was a student at the National Gallery of Victoria School from 1882-88. He joined regular ‘plein air’ painting excursions to places around Melbourne including Heidelberg and Templestowe and was invited, by his drawing teacher Frederick McCubbin and fellow student Tom Roberts, to join the artists’ camp at Box Hill.
In 1888 he founded the famous Heidelberg artists’ camp at Eaglemont and the following year contributed 40 works to the group’s 9 x 5 Impressionist Exhibition. During his student years, the two artists whose influence he felt most strongly were the French Barbizon School landscape painter Corot and Louis Buvelot.
Streeton’s tremendous local success began with the purchase by the Art Gallery of New South Wales in 1890 of his ‘Still Glides the Stream’. This took him to Sydney where he lived in camps around Sydney Harbour with other artists including Tom Roberts. Sydney Harbour and the Blue Mountains were his two favourite painting locations at this time.
Between 1890 and 1914 he lived in and visited Melbourne (and environs), Adelaide, Sydney, Chelsea (England) and Venice. During the First World War he served first in the medical corps then, in 1918, as official war artist. In 1924 he settled in Victoria and was knighted in 1937.